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Mozambique

Page excerpts taken from Wikipedia

Mozambique Flag.png

Mozambique has a range of different habitat types and an ecologically rich and diverse wildlife. This includes 236 species of mammal, 740 species of bird and 5,692 species of vascular plant. The Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany hotspot, with significantly high levels of biodiversity, stretches from the southern tip of Mozambique into northeastern South Africa.

Banhine National Park

  • Banhine National Park is a protected area in northern Gaza ProvinceMozambique. The park was established on 26 June 1973. In 2013 the limits of Park were updated to better reflect the realities on the ground, particularly the human presence in the area.

The Bazaruto Archipelago National Park
  • The Bazaruto Archipelago National Park (BANP) is a protected area in the Inhambane Province of Mozambique on the Bazaruto Archipelago. The park was proclaimed on 25 May 1971. It is off the coast of the Vilanculos and Inhassoro districts, covering a large expanse of ocean and six islands.

Gorongosa National Park

  • Gorongosa National Park is at the southern end of the Great African Rift Valley in the heart of central MozambiqueSoutheast Africa. The over 4,000 square kilometres (1,500 sq mi) park includes the valley floor and parts of surrounding plateaus. Rivers originating on nearby Mount Gorongosa (1,863 m (6,112 ft)) water the plain.

  • Seasonal flooding and waterlogging of the valley, which is composed of a mosaic of different soil types, creates a variety of distinct ecosystems. Grasslands are dotted with patches of acacia treessavannah, dry forest on sands and seasonally rain-filled pans and termite hill thickets. The plateaus contain miombo and montane forests and a spectacular rain forest at the base of a series of limestone gorges.

  • This combination of unique features at one time supported some of the densest wildlife populations in all of Africa, including charismatic carnivoresherbivores and over 500 bird species. But large mammal numbers were reduced by as much as 95% and ecosystems stressed during Mozambique's long civil conflict at the end of the 20th century.

  • The Carr Foundation/Gorongosa Restoration Project, a U.S. non-profit organization, has teamed with the Government of Mozambique to protect and restore the ecosystem of Gorongosa National Park and to develop an ecotourism industry to benefit local communities.

Limpopo National Park
Magoe National Park
  • Magoe National Park is a protected area in Tete ProvinceMozambique. The park was proclaimed in October 2013. Previously the area was an integral part of the Tchuma Tchato Community wildlife management program.
Quirimbas National Park
Zinave National Park

Chimanimani National Reserve

  • Chimanimani National Reserve (Portuguese: Reserva Nacional de Chimanimani) is a protected area in Manica Province of Mozambique. It is located in the Chimanimani Mountains on the border with Zimbabwe, and together with Zimbabwe's Chimanimani National Park it forms the Chimanimani Transfrontier Park.

  • The reserve was proclaimed in 2003, and has an area of 634 km2. The reserve includes the Mozambican portion of the Chimanimani Mountains, including Monte Binga (2436 m), Mozambique's highest peak. The reserve has a larger buffer zone (1723 km2), which extends into lower-elevation areas to the south, east, and north, and includes the Moribane, Mpunga, Maronga, and Zomba forest reserves. The forest Moribane, Mpunga, and Maronga reserves were established in 1953.

Gilé National Reserve
Maputo Special Reserve
Marromeu Buffalo Reserve
Niassa Reserve
Pomene National Reserve
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